I know many people get intimidated with a black screen, white text and blinking cursor. No mouse, not knowing where to start…. well, I’m going to spend a bit of time in this article trying to help show you how to survive the command line in linux. For starters, don’t think that linux is a command line only operating system. In some installs, the administrator may not want a gui, but there are some VERY functional and full featured graphical interfaces for linux. For me though, if you know what you want to accomplish, the command line can be a much more efficient way to “get the job done” for many tasks.
Ok, so let’s start…. we’ve either opened up a console window (konsole if you use KDE), or we have a fullscreen console open. IF we’re staring at a full screen console you may need to log in… type your username and press return (no mouse for clicking ok here…) and then type your password (likely it won’t “echo” or print on the screen as you type.) Press ok when you’ve typed that in. So now you have a very spartan looking $ prompt and blinking cursor… now what?
For starters, if you’ve never been at a command prompt before… you might type help and press enter. You’ll likely see a list of commands – when I do that… I see a lot of commands but near the top it says….
Type `help name’ to find out more about the function `name’.
Use `info bash’ to find out more about the shell in general.
Use `man -k’ or `info’ to find out more about commands not in this list.
Ok… so we can see some basic commands and have an idea of how to get a bit more information (help history for instance would give help on the history command.)
There’s also a hint in the above at other ways that we might find help (on a great many programs) The man and info commands. If the text has scrolled down too quickly to read, you might use shift-pageup to “scroll” back and see what you missed. Of course, if you’re using a console window you should be able to use the mouse to scroll.
For the most part when you have a console, the mouse is not used. If you need to move the cursor left or right, try the arrow keys and of course, as we saw for login, the enter key is like pressing the ok button with a mouse….
To log out, simply type exit (and press enter)
Related PostsRelated Posts
- Administrative access on linux systems Tux magazine has a comparison of su and sudo as ways to administer a linux system. Many people are under the mistaken impression that you just login as root (gui or otherwise) and that's the only way to do it. In fact, I've used su primarily. Although in some circumstance......
- Linux Permissions Headache Yikes, what an evening..... it started innocently enough in the afternoon. I have an old Mandrake 10.0 server that I was upgrading clamav on (recent security update). While I was at it, I was reviewing the anti-spam setup to see if I could get any better success with filtering junk......
- Simple Backup This is going to explain some ideas for a really simple way to make your own backup routine. This isn't very fancy and in some ways it's not the best backup solution. Let me explain what to use this for. This kind of tool can be used to "save you......
- Different Kinds of US Currency to Collect There are plenty of different categories and themes for you to focus in on if you have decided that you want to collect US currency for your collection. These various focuses and categories help to keep your collection cohesive and give you a path to follow as you continue to......
- A Sample Dog Training Daily Action Plan [/caption] When it comes to training your dog, we sometimes have to remember that also have to train ourselves. A dog that has a good "pack leader" living with him or her will need to know that you are consistent in the boundaries you set, as well as consistent with......
- Ten Steps To Become a Linux/Unix Geek Until recently, Linux/Unix was considered OS of the geeks. However, with GUI and more desktop Linux distributions, things have simplified on both Linux and Unix. Still you can geek out with Unix/Linux using its terminal. Just follow the steps below to master the terminal. 1. Never used Linux! Get Ubuntu......
- Using the command line in linux – part 2
- Using the command line in linux – part 3
- Using the command line in linux – part 4
- Simple Backup
- Windows XP Print what’s on the screen or make a screenshot using the … print screen button